Most of us have never seen a volcano in real life. However, we all know about lava, magma, and fiery explosions in school or through books and media. Check out the following 39 trivia volcano quiz questions and answers to see how much you know this natural phenomenon.
Volcano Quiz Questions And Answers: Lava
1. Up to three quarters of active volcanoes in the world can be found in which area?
A. On land
B. On the ocean floor
C. Alongside the equator
2. What is the definition of volcanic lava?
A. Magma erupting on the Earth’s surface
B. Gas clouds from volcanoes
C. Ash spewed out on the Earth’s surface
3. What do we call the opening located at the top of volcanoes?
4. Which volcano produced the sound that is considered to be the loudest one in modern history?
A. Mount St. Helens
C. Mount Pelee
5. What is magma?
A. A magnetic force lying under the ground
B. Hot, molten rocks
6. What does it mean when a volcano is dormant?
A. It will stop erupting forever
B. It has erupted recently
C. It has not erupted in our recorded history
7. Which lava just takes place under the water?
A. Aa lava
B. Pillow lava
C. Pahoehoe lava
8. What is the classification of Mount Rainier, a volcano in Washington, the United States?
9. Scientists use which technical tool to find out small changes in the shape of volcanoes?
A. Thermal imaging
B. Global Positioning System
C. Seismic monitoring device
10. In terms of lava release, which is considered to be the largest volcanic eruption in modern times?
A. Mount Tambora
B. Mount St. Helens
11. What is the largest volcano on earth?
A. Vesuvius in Italy
B. Mauna Loa in the United States
C. Sakurajima in Japan
12. What is a hot spot in volcanoes?
A. Hot lava
B. Spots in which magma breaks through the crust on Earth
C. A crated established by lava or hot magma mixing with water
13. The ancient Italian town of Pompeii was buried by which volcano?
A. Mount Etna
B. Mount Vesuvius
14. What do we call the kind of volcano with gentle slopes and a very broad shape?
15. What does a geyser mean?
A. An active volcano
B. A magma chamber
C. A spring shooting hot water into the sky
16. A volcano is classified as extinct when it has not erupted in how many years?
A. 10,000 years
B. 50,000 years
C. 100,000 years
17. Which is the only active volcano located on the mainland of Europe?
A. Mount Vesuvius
B. Mount Etna
18. Volcanoes are basically divided into how many main types?
19. What is the biggest type of volcanoes?
A. Cinder cone
20. What is the role of seismic data on the prediction of volcanic eruptions?
A. Track magma’s movements in the volcanoes
B. Measure the forms of gas released by the volcanoes
C. Track the amount of gas emission
21. What is the average speed of volcanic ash when it moves through the air?
A. 200 mph or 320 kph
B. 125 mph or 200 kph
C. 25 mph or 40 kph
22. The tallest volcano in Solar System is located on which planet?
23. When lava in volcanoes cools, it forms which type of rocks?
A. Magma rocks
B. Igneous rocks
C. Metamorphic rocks
24. How many active volcanoes are there in the world?
A. Around 600
B. Around 1,100
C. Around 1,600
25. Where does the term “volcano” come from?
A. Star Trek
C. The ancient Roman god named Vulcan
26. Over the last two centuries, which volcano has caused the largest number of deaths?
A. Tambora in Indonesia
B. Mount St. Helens in the United States
Answer: A. Tambora in Indonesia
27. Which nation in the world has the most historically active volcanoes?
A. The United States of America
28. The “Ring of Fire”, an area with a high concentration of active volcanoes, is located in which ocean?
A. Indian Ocean
B. Pacific Ocean
C. Atlantic Ocean
29. Which of the following is a feature of composite volcanoes?
A. Runny lava
B. Cover a large area
C. Steep sides
30. Where can you find the Nyiragongo volcano?
31. Which of the following effects is not a benefit of volcanic activity?
A. Glacier melting
B. Soil fertilisation
C. Geothermal power
32. Most deadly volcanoes often take place during the occurrence of which geologic phenomenon?
33. Which scale is used by scientists to determine the size of a volcanic eruption?
A. Vulcan Index
B. Richter Scale
C. Volcanic Explosivity Index
34. The largest recorded volcanic eruption on Earth happened in the Paleozoic Period. How much lava was released during this event?
A. 10,000 cubic kilometres
B. 100,000 cubic kilometres
C. 1,000,000 cubic kilometres
35. After a supervolcano erupts, which phenomenon would happen?
A. A caldera
B. An earthquake
C. A tornado
36. Which mineral in magma makes the soil in surrounding areas nutritious?
37. Where is Kilauea, the largest active volcanic mass in the world?
38. Mount Etna, the highest active volcano in Europe, is located in which country?
39. What is the largest value on the Volcanic Explosivity Index?